Meet QD-Display, Samsung’s New TV Tech That Combines OLED With Quantum Dots

Samsung Display has a formidable display to point out off at CES — a 4K panel that melds OLED know-how with the corporate’s Quantum Dot materials to supply colours that may outshine rival TVs and screens.The know-how known as “QD-Display,” and it marks the corporate’s newest effort to prime the OLED panels from rival LG. OLED screens are recognized for providing vibrant colours and pure blacks, and Samsung says its QD-Display can provide even larger colour high quality and brightness, to not point out pure blacks, a key enchancment over Samsung’s QLED TVs. 

(L-R) LG G1 OLED, Samsung QD-Display, LG QNED90 mini LED TV
(Photo: Michael Kan)

Last month, we checked out the QD-Display know-how at Samsung’s places of work in San Jose, and got here away impressed. The firm demoed the brand new panel by putting it subsequent to 2 4K TVs from LG, one constructed with an OLED panel, the opposite with mini LEDs.  Initially, we seen little distinction. That’s as a result of all three 65-inch TVs supplied top-notch visuals. However, Samsung’s product started to face out as soon as we noticed the know-how squeezing out extra gentle and richer particulars throughout the televised photos.For instance, neon coloured indicators and lamp posts popped out with brightness. Meanwhile, background particulars akin to brick partitions and hair carried extra gentle and reflections. In the pictures beneath, you will discover the fuller colours on Samsung’s QD-Display (pictured proper)

LG’s G1 OLED TV (left) Samsung’s QD-Display (proper)
(Photos: Michael Kan)

Although the enhancements have been delicate, the improved particulars added up, creating life-like photos in comparison with the flatter, pale visuals discovered on LG’s show know-how.  The distinction was much more stark when Samsung’s QD-Display panel was in comparison with an LCD-powered IPS PC monitor from LG.

LG IPS monitor (left) and Samsung QD-Display monitor (proper)
(Photo: Michael Kan)

The QD-Display was capable of beam pure blacks that made photos look gorgeous when taking part in a PC sport in a darkish room. The IPS monitor, then again, may solely show ghostly grays when attempting to emit black. 

(Photo: Michael Kan)

The QD-Display works by leveraging a brand new sort of OLED panel that makes use of blue gentle, as a substitute of white gentle, to create colours. According to Samsung, a key disadvantage with rival OLED know-how is the way it struggles to emit saturated brilliant colours from a white gentle supply. Blue gentle, on different hand, can effectively beam by way of Samsung’s Quantum Dot layer — a microscopic crystal semiconductor materials — to create the colour spectrum. Because blue has a excessive power frequency, the Quantum Dot layer can simply convert the sunshine into crimson and inexperienced colours, which have decrease power frequencies.

The layers on Samsung’s QD-Display
(Photo: Michael Kan)

“We’re not doing any filtering. Almost all of the power hitting the Quantum Dot is often transformed. Not the entire thing, nevertheless it’s a really excessive quantity. And that creates higher gentle effectivity,” mentioned Chirag Shah, Samsung Display’s director of Quantum Dot know-how. The pixels on the display are additionally totally different from rival OLED panels. “We use a real RGB pixel somewhat than a white plus RGB pixel,” Shah added. According to Samsung, the white pixel could be problematic; though it could enhance a colour’s brightness, it could additionally blur the vibrancy, downgrading the colour accuracy. In distinction, the QD-Display can keep away from any colour contamination by counting on a pure RGB pixel, which may emit the assorted colours throughout the spectrum.

How the pixels look on the display
(Photo: Michael Kan)

“QD-Display supplies nearly two instances the colour quantity of even the newest white OLEDs,” Shah added. “And which means you not solely get extra colour, you get extra thrills, extra feelings out of the pictures that you simply’re seeing on the display.”The different profit to Samsung’s blue gentle OLED is the next peak brightness at over 1,500 nits on a TV. But for those who’re nervous about overexposure to blue gentle, Shah says don’t be concerned; the corporate optimized the QD-Display know-how to cut back dangerous blue gentle over the TV’s default setting.

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“Unlike different applied sciences the place you must activate the low blue gentle function, which frequently ends in colour deterioration or a yellowish fade on the display, this one you get all the colours, all the colour quantity, the HDR, with none compromise,” he mentioned.

Wide viewing angles
(Photo: Michael Kan)

The QD-Display know-how additionally gives broad viewing angles, with none noticeable drop in picture high quality. The TV model of the panel can be fairly skinny. On the draw back, the know-how can expertise burn-in issues, though Samsung says the panel ought to do a greater job of mitigating the problem than different OLED panels.

QD-Display aspect view
(Photo: Michael Kan)

The newly introduced QD-Display know-how will energy 65- and 55-inch TVs and 34-inch PC screens within the coming months from manufacturers together with Samsung Electronics and Dell’s Alienware. The TVs might be able to a 144Hz body charge whereas the screens can assist as much as 175Hz.  However, the businesses might decide on a unique naming scheme with regards to selling the brand new know-how inside. So do not be stunned if a TV or monitor maker drops the QD-Display branding for one thing else. Pricing wasn’t revealed, however we’re not speaking about $20,000 units, in keeping with Samsung Display. Instead, pricing might be similar to a premium 4K TV or PC monitor, which may value nearer to $2,000. Samsung additionally expects the pricing to go down because the know-how matures.

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