Argonne researchers win four 2022 R&D 100 awards

Newswise — Scientists obtain honors referred to as ‘Oscars of Innovation.’Discovery powers innovation. Innovations energy society. Researchers on the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have obtained four R&D 100 awards, colloquially known as the “Oscars of Innovation.” An further four initiatives have been named finalists.“The R&D 100 awards acknowledge a number of the most game-changing breakthroughs which have the potential to alter how science is completed and that make a long-lasting impression on our on a regular basis lives,” stated Megan Clifford, Argonne affiliate laboratory director for science and know-how partnerships and outreach.Argonne has a decades-long historical past of successful R&D 100 awards, together with greater than 140 winners because the competitors started in 1963. Past winners additionally embody Fortune 500 firms, DOE nationwide laboratories, educational establishments and smaller firms.The successful Argonne applied sciences have been:Flash-X, a Multiphysics Simulation Software (Principal investigator: Anshu Dubey)Simulating the complicated physics in techniques starting from supernovas to the insides of liquid cooling techniques requires high-quality, exact software program. Flash-X is exclusive in that it may be tailored to a variety of scientific domains for physics simulations. Flash-X extends a earlier broadly used software program referred to as FLASH to the most recent era of supercomputers, guaranteeing that scientific discovery may be pursued on broadly completely different laptop {hardware} platforms. Flash-X, an open supply software program, will also be used for instructional functions in a number of disciplines.The analysis for Flash-X was funded by the Exascale Computing Project of DOE’s Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research.The Battery Performance and Cost (BatPac) Model v. 5.0 (Principal Investigator: Shabbir Ahmed)As the marketplace for electrical car batteries is quickly increasing, important funding in analysis and growth is going on all through trade to provide cost-competitive, high-performing battery packs for electrical autos. Due to the range of firms within the battery trade, there’s a want for a standard platform to grasp and talk about the techno-economics of battery pack design.BatPaC is a freely accessible modeling instrument, constructed throughout the Microsoft Excel platform, that designs battery packs for electrical autos. The instrument employs a bottom-up calculation, during which the dimensions, mass and value of a battery pack is decided from inputs associated to the battery chemistry, car sort, pack configuration and manufacturing specs. The instrument can concurrently remedy for as much as seven pack designs.BatPaC offers the power to review how adjustments in a single or a number of element(s) impression the full measurement, mass and value of the pack. For instance, the battery cell is the elemental constructing block of the battery pack. BatPaC is used to review how adjustments within the cell impression the full pack design. This is especially helpful when evaluating cells with completely different properties and prices from completely different producers.Funding for BatPaC comes from the Vehicle Technologies Office in DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The researchers thank Brian Cunningham, Samuel Gillard and David Howell.Health Analysis and Research for Public Events Tool (HARPE) (Principal Investigators: Nate Evans and Stephanie Jenkins)HARPE is a instrument that helps organizations that plan business occasions assess and enhance security, safety and emergency administration for public occasions and mass gatherings. HARPE examines bodily safety, cybersecurity and public well being so leaders can give attention to probably the most impactful areas associated to security and safety.HARPE captures an entire image of the shifting security and safety panorama particular to the business services sector. In at the moment’s panorama, it takes all three security and safety parameters — bodily safety, cybersecurity and public well being — to host a really secure and safe occasion. HARPE focuses on business services to enhance the safety and resiliency of those essential websites.In the context of the pandemic, HARPE evaluates the evolving menace, whereas sustaining a powerful give attention to the normal bodily safety and cybersecurity at venues and occasions.HARPE offers a person evaluation with which to investigate a facility’s capabilities associated to dangers, vulnerabilities and the effectiveness of emergency preparedness, response, and restoration. In densely populated areas that home a number of venues, HARPE would even be a perfect technique to uncover any inter-venue dependencies or optimize emergency response. HARPE may also catalyze the collaboration and data sharing efforts for public occasions and mass gatherings; it permits customers to share finest practices and creates a venue for dialogue.Funding for HARPE comes from DOE’s Office of Technology Transitions.PGM-free OER Catalyst as Replacement of Iridium for PEM Water Electrolyzer (Principal Investigator: Di-Jia Liu)Hydrogen produced from renewable power for gasoline may play a big function in combatting the local weather disaster. Critical within the low-temperature manufacturing of hydrogen is the Oxygen Evolution Reaction (OER) used within the splitting of water into hydrogen and oxygen.The typical low-temperature hydrogen manufacturing course of by electrolysis makes use of a Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) water electrolyzer. Hydrogen is produced by combining protons and electrons on the cathode, whereas water is oxidized to kind oxygen via the OER on the anode. A catalyst promotes the OER.Argonne’s revolutionary catalyst for this response relies on cobalt oxide with a extremely porous nanofibrous construction. It can probably exchange the pricey Platinum Group Metal (PGM), iridium, now in use because the catalyst. The shortage of iridium provides important price to the PEM water electrolyzer. Argonne’s breakthrough catalyst is projected to price about 2,000 occasions lower than the business iridium-based catalyst. By decreasing the associated fee barrier to water electrolysis, the know-how would promote the widespread manufacturing of “inexperienced hydrogen.”The work was funded by the Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office in DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.  The different finalists for R&D 100 awards have been:Advanced Graphene-Based Lubricants for High-Temperature Metal Stamping (Principal Investigator: Ani Sumant)Argonne’s superior graphene-based lubricants assist allow the state-of-the-art in high-temperature steel stamping. They are the one strong lubricants that may cost-effectively cut back friction on the excessive temperatures required to form the thin-gauge high-strength metals mandated by passenger car security laws for car manufacturing.They present not solely the bottom coefficients of friction but additionally the very best thermal conductivities accessible. This mixture is crucial to sustaining uniform temperatures throughout die surfaces. It maximizes productiveness by minimizing the formation of tears, wrinkles and paper-thin areas resulting from thinning in defectively fashioned auto components.The lubricants have additionally been proven to provide a ten,000-fold discount in steel mildew put on, thus including extra price financial savings. Due to the nanoscale nature of the lubricants, they’re the one lubricants that may be utterly eliminated with ease after the forming course of in order that fashioned auto components could also be instantly coated. They are the one lubricants which were optimized for high-temperature steel stamping within the auto trade.Funding for the analysis got here from the Vehicle Technologies Office of DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.Catalytic Upcycling of Plastic Films to High-Performance Lubricants (Principal Investigator: Max Delferro)Plastic is ubiquitous — and amassing in landfills and our oceans as little or no is recycled, significantly from polyethylene and polypropylene gadgets. Argonne researchers have recovered the excessive power that holds polymers collectively by catalytically and selectively changing single-use plastic gadgets into value-added business merchandise, together with waxes, lubricants, detergents and cosmetics.The Argonne catalytic know-how converts polyethylene and polypropylene plastic waste into higher-value chemical intermediates for re-introduction into the decarbonized economic system. The course of the place current supplies and merchandise are shared, leased, reused, repaired, refurbished and recycled so long as attainable earlier than disposal is known as a round economic system. The researchers have been capable of obtain excessive selectivity for the specified finish merchandise, with minimal manufacturing of sunshine gases resembling methane. The ultimate product acts as a high-performance lubricant that may exchange conventional petrochemical lubricants and cut back greenhouse gasoline emissions from the petrochemicals trade.The catalyst on the heart of the know-how consists of platinum nanoparticles (NPs) — every NP a mere two nanometers in diameter. These NPs are deposited onto perovskite nanocuboids with edges about 100 nm lengthy. The group selected perovskite as a result of it is vitally secure below the demanding temperatures and pressures required for catalysis. It has additionally confirmed to be an exceptionally good materials for power conversion.Funding for the analysis got here from DOE’s Office of Basic Energy Sciences, the REUSE program of the Advanced Research Projects (*100*)-Energy, and the Advanced Manufacturing Office and Bioenergy Technologies Office of the DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.Cardinal: Scalable High-Order Multi-Physics Simulation (Principal Investigator: April Novak)Scientists and engineers depend on simulation to foretell the conduct of nuclear reactors below quite a lot of design situations. Often, experiments are too costly to hold out or are incompatible with fast-turnaround design cycles. Science modeling and simulation is especially essential to the development of novel nuclear reactor designs and may allow essential perception for making higher design choices to extend effectivity and security.Cardinal is an open-source simulation software program package deal that delivers extremely correct options for a variety of functions in nuclear power sciences. Cardinal options state-of-the-art, scalable algorithms for attaining multiphysics options with neutron transport, fluid circulation, warmth switch and materials conduct on platforms starting from laptops to extreme-scale computer systems. The bodily phenomena that may be simulated with Cardinal vary from neutron interactions with matter on the atomic scale to the whole-system response of nuclear reactors coupled to electrical grids on the kilometer scale.Funding for Cardinal was supplied by DOE’s Office of Nuclear Energy.Argonne X-Ray Perimeter Array Detector (XPAD) / Thermo Scientific Ultra X EDX Solution (Principal Investigator: Nestor Zaluzec)Recognized because the world’s most delicate detector by Guinness World Records in January 2022, in addition to the recipient of the Microscopy Today 2022 Innovation Award, the XPAD / Ultra X is a brand new design and geometry of an X-ray power dispersive spectrometer, or silicon X-ray detector system, for the analytical Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM).This detector system, put in on Argonne’s PicoProbe instrument, has greater than 2.5 occasions the gathering effectivity of the subsequent finest business detectors accessible for the analytical TEM. This advance facilitates the next sensitivity measurement of the basic composition of specimens on the sub-nanometer scale, with greater than a 250% enchancment in comparison with earlier applied sciences and almost a seven-fold enchancment over the present applied sciences presently in use at Argonne. It provides scientists the chance to probe the basic composition of samples in smaller and smaller volumes in much less time and with larger sensitivity. XPAD facilitates elemental composition willpower for components from beryllium via uranium.The funding for XPAD was supplied by a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement between Argonne and ThermoFisher in addition to Laboratory Directed Research and Development funds.

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