Apple confirms it’s breaking iPhone web apps in the EU on purpose

Well, it seems it’s not a bug that broke iPhone web apps, also referred to as Progressive Web Apps (PWAs), in the EU. Following developer complaints and press experiences about how PWAs have been now not practical in the EU after putting in the most up-to-date iOS betas, Apple has up to date its web site to clarify why. No shock, the tech big is blaming the new EU regulation, the Digital Markets Act, for the change, saying that the complexities concerned with the DMA’s requirement to permit completely different browser engines is the root trigger.
To catch you up, safety researcher Tommy Mysk and Open Web Advocacy, first seen that PWAs had been demoted to web site shortcuts with the launch of the second beta of iOS 17.4. Initially, it was unclear if this was a beta bug — stranger issues have occurred — or it was meant to undermine the performance of PWAs in the E.U., a market the place Apple is now being pressured to permit different app shops, third-party funds, and different browser engines, amongst different issues. In the betas, PWAs, which usually enable web apps to perform and really feel extra like native iOS apps, have been now not working. Developers seen that these web apps would open like a bookmark saved to your Home Screen, as an alternative.
As MacRumors identified at the time, that meant no “devoted windowing, notifications, or long-term native storage.” iOS 16.4 additionally allowed PWAs to badge their icons with notifications, as native apps may. iOS 17.4 beta customers reported that once they opened a web app whereas working the iOS beta, the system would ask them in the event that they wished to open the app in Safari or cancel. The message signifies that the web app will “open in your default browser from now on,” it mentioned. Afterward, customers mentioned they skilled points with information loss, as a Safari web site shortcut doesn’t supply native storage. Notifications additionally now not labored.
Still, there was motive to be cautious about whether or not or not the change was intentional. Multiple employees at TechCrunch repeatedly requested Apple for remark however acquired no reply. (We had wished to know if the comapny would verify if this was a beta bug or an intentional change, and if the latter, what Apple’s reasoning for it was.) After the subsequent beta launch emerged, The Verge ran a report indicating that Apple “seems to be” breaking PWAs in the E.U., after additionally unlikely getting a proper response from the tech big.
Now, Apple has responded, in its manner. Today, it up to date its web site detailing its DMA-related adjustments in the EU to deal with the matter. In a brand new replace, the firm explains the way it’s needed to make so many adjustments to iOS to adjust to the EU tips, that continued assist for PWAs was merely off the desk.
Traditionally, the iOS system offered assist for Home Screen web apps by constructing instantly on WebPackage (Safari’s browser engine), and its safety structure, Apple mentioned. That allowed web apps to align with the similar safety and privateness fashions as discovered in different native apps. But with the DMA, Apple is being pressured to permit different browser engines. It argues that with out the isolation and enforcement of the guidelines utilized to WebPackage-based web apps, malicious apps could possibly be put in that would do issues like learn information from different web apps, or “achieve entry to a person’s digital camera, microphone or location with no person’s consent,” Apple mentioned.
“Addressing the complicated safety and privateness considerations related to web apps utilizing different browser engines would require constructing a completely new integration structure that doesn’t at the moment exist in iOS and was not sensible to undertake given the different calls for of the DMA and the very low person adoption of Home Screen web apps. And so, to adjust to the DMA’s necessities, we needed to take away the Home Screen web apps function in the EU,” the web site reads.
The firm informs EU customers they may be capable of entry web sites from their Home Screen via bookmarks because of the change, confirming builders’ considerations that PWAs have been successfully being disabled in the EU.
“We anticipate this transformation to have an effect on a small variety of customers. Still, we remorse any impression this transformation — that was made as a part of the work to adjust to the DMA — could have on builders of Home Screen web apps and our customers,” Apple says.
Critics have argued that Apple’s need to carry onto its energy in the iOS app ecosystem was so robust that it could break web app performance for customers of its gadgets. Apple’s defenders, in the meantime, will in all probability argue that the firm’s clarification is cheap and aligns with Apple’s need to maintain iOS secure for its customers. The fact, because it usually is, is probably going lies extra in the center.
Apple nonetheless has not responded to requests for remark.

https://techcrunch.com/2024/02/15/apple-confirms-its-breaking-iphone-web-apps-in-the-eu-on-purpose/

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