This Month in Broadcast History: October

75 Years Ago – October 1947 – Enabled by AT&T Long Lines connectivity, community radio has flourished for the reason that Nineteen Twenties, with new associates being simply tied in to New York City web amenities by way of the cellphone firm’s huge lengthy distance phone infrastructure. However, such video common connectivity doesn’t exist, and in the autumn of 1947 the shortcoming of this frequent service to ship community video to stations presents a significant roadblock for the quickly rising tv trade.This AT&T Long Lines video circuit map from mid-1947 depicts (by way of the stable strains) the connectivity that was deliberate to be in place by the top of that 12 months. At the time of the map’s launch, nonetheless, the one video connectivity accessible (highlighted in yellow) was from New York City to Washington, D.C., with entry for stations in Philadelphia and Baltimore. Connectivity to different cities was nonetheless a ‘work in progress,’ (Image credit score: Christopher H. Sterling assortment) (opens in new tab)In This autumn 1947, AT&T was solely capable of present video service between New York City and Washington, D.C. and the three stations now on the air in Philadelphia and Baltimore. Although the corporate had dedicated to extending video service past these preliminary 4 east coast cities, it knowledgeable the FCC that widespread TV community linkage was nonetheless “years away.” (AT&T had apparently woefully underestimated postwar TV development and networking calls for, planning in 1944 to put solely 600 route miles of coax, a quantity that was later revised to 12,000 miles.)In order to acquire NBC programming, GE’s WRGB tv operation in Schenectady constructed a big rhombic antenna directed in direction of the WNBT transmitting facility in New York City, 129 miles distant. The mountaintop rhombic was positioned on a 10-acre plot and suspended on 128-foot-high towers. However, off-air reception was helpful solely about 85 % of the time, and in the autumn of 1947, the station changed the OTA linkage with a personal intercity microwave system to achieve entry to video from all three NYC community sources  (Image credit score: FM and Television journal) (opens in new tab)AT&T initially deliberate to make the most of “tried and true” coaxial cable for its video community, however now was additionally experimenting with microwave radio as a sooner deployment choice. While some stations are content material to obtain community programming on movie (kinescope recordings), others need dwell feds and are shifting forward with development of their very own intercity microwave techniques.Although overwhelmed by demand and stymied by lengthy coax deployment occasions, by 1947 AT&T Long Lines was already making ready for its future in video with the creation of this tv switching and monitoring facility in New York City. (Image credit score: FM and Television journal) (opens in new tab)OTHER NEWS FROM TV’S PAST:94 Years Ago, October 1928 – “The drawback of colour tv has finally been solved,” in accordance with a report in Radio News journal from Ronald F. Tilman, who witnessed a current demonstration of TV pioneer John Logie Baird’s newest breakthrough. John Logie Baird  (Image credit score: James O’Neal)As Tilman reported: “…the vivid actuality of the colorings was most exceptional, and provides very drastically to the impact. A bunch of flowers, blue delphiniums, was positioned in entrance of the transmitter (digital camera) and appeared on the receiving display in a most vivid blue. A human face was then transmitted, and when the tongue was put out, the pink colour confirmed clearly, the face showing in a special shade of pink…. [But] by far essentially the most spectacular a part of the demonstration was a basket of ripe strawberries, the purple fruit exhibiting in an amazingly vivid trend towards the white basket.”Baird used these Nipkow-type scanning discs with three units of holes to offer three colour fields in his 1928 demonstration of colour tv. (Image credit score: Radio News journal)Baird’s digital camera used a scanning disc outfitted with three rows of holes and with filters corresponding to every of the first colours. An identical disc was used in the receiver, with purple video obtained from a neon lamp and specifically constructed helium/mercury vapor tubes offering inexperienced and blue fields. Complete technical parameters weren’t said, however the scanning disc depicted in the report confirmed 20 holes (scanning strains) for every of the colours.50 Years Ago, October 1972 – High marks are being given to the brand new CMX 600 videotape modifying system, which permits on the spot adjustment to edit factors and even the substitute of a single video body. Broadcasting (now Broadcasting & Cable) journal reported the usage of the brand new know-how in manufacturing of each a half-hour pilot and a 90-minute “made for tv” film. The pilot’s director estimated that with the usage of videotape for seize and the CMX 600 for modifying, supply time for a half-hour present might be lower from the same old two weeks with movie to 10 hours. The new know-how might additionally lower manufacturing prices by as a lot as 25 %.The revolutionary CMX 600 offered early non-linear videotape modifying functionality. The system included a particular desk with a ‘gentle pen’ enter gadget, a Teletype for making ready edit choice lists (EDLs), in addition to workplace safe-sized exhausting drives. (Image credit score: BM/E journal)Ampex reported the primary worldwide supply of its new ACR-25 self-loading videocassette machine to a buyer in England, with cargo of the $195,000 machine (about $1.4 million in right now’s cash) to 18 different offshore clients to observe. (The ACR-25 had premiered two years earlier on the 1970 NAB Show, with the primary manufacturing mannequin going to a Tulsa, Okla. station three months previous to the U.Okay. supply.) 25 Years Ago , October 1997 – As stations start their digital transition, high-definition tv’s future stays a bit murky, with some broadcasters contemplating delaying or forgoing HD altogether in favor of multicasting standard-definition program streams. Some in the trade fear that HD might by no means get off the bottom if there may be foot-dragging or digital multicasting turns into the norm.Former FCC Chairman Reed Hundt (Image credit score: Benstanfield, Wikimedia Common)In an unique interview with TV Technology, outgoing FCC chairman Reed Hunt shared his ideas in regards to the excessive definition vs. multicasting schism, in addition to Internet streaming, which was additionally simply starting to go away the gate: “If [broadcasters] are keen to truly discover a number of channel broadcasting…and if they’re keen to discover sending out information and altering the character of the medium in order that it’s extraordinarily attention-grabbing…if they’re keen to discover a fusion of broadcast digital TV with the Internet, then all of that’s good for the financial system and for the American folks. It will present extra automobiles for public curiosity programming. Let it occur. Don’t tax it, attempt to regulate or micro-manage it. Applaud it.”

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