An expensive and unmatched king

The RTX 4090 was launched in October 2022 because the best-in-class providing from Nvidia. This graphics card is the successor to the RTX 3090 Ti. Like the last-gen 90-class choices, the 4090 is an enormous ferocious GPU (BFGPU). It comes with a Titan-class efficiency at an eye-watering price ticket of $1,599.
The GPU is kind of standard amongst avid gamers. According to Newegg’s bestseller checklist, it’s the third most-selling graphics card, solely behind the RTX 4080 and the 3060 Ti. However, the 4090 is promoting nowhere close to its MSRP, with even the most affordable fashions costing over $2,000 on the web site.

The card additionally comes with improvements like DLSS 3 and body era. Portal with RTX was not too long ago launched as a showcase of what these applied sciences can obtain. Ray tracing provides new life and overhauls the visuals in outdated video games.
Nvidia despatched the RTX 4090 Founder’s Edition card and a code for Portal with RTX for evaluate. Thus, we ran the cardboard and the online game via their paces, and on this article, we’ll share our ideas on them.

The RTX 4090 Founder’s Edition video card (Image by way of Nvidia)

The RTX 4090 is Nvidia’s flagship choice for this era. This card is a major step up from its last-gen counterpart, the RTX 3090 Ti. The GPU packs considerably extra CUDA and RT cores. This pushes the rasterization and ray-tracing efficiency of the GPU to new ranges.
Nvidia has paired the cardboard with DLSS 3.0, which mixes AI body era and AI upscaling to realize efficiency metrics like by no means earlier than. The on-paper specs of the GPU have been listed under.
GPU NameAD102CUDA Core Count16,384Texture Mapping Units (TMUs)512Render Output Units (ROPs)176Ray Tracing (RT) Core Count128Tensor Core Count512Video Memory Size24 GBVideo Memory TypeGDDR6XVideo Memory Bus Width384 bitBase Clock Speed2235 MHzBoost Clock Speed2520 MHzMemory Clock Speed1313 MHzMSRP$1,599

Overall, the RTX 4090’s specs trace at its beastly nature.

RTX 4090 and Ada Lovelace structure
An overview of the Ada Lovelace GPU (Image by way of Nvidia)
The RTX 40 collection relies on the Ada Lovelace structure. It is constructed on TSMC’s 4nm course of node and comes with help for 4th era Tensor Cores and third era ray tracing cores.
The new structure additionally comes with help for Nvidia’s encoder and decoder (NVENC/NVDEC) and help for 8K 10-bit 60 FPS video encoding by way of AV1 mounted operate {hardware} encoding.

Currently, three chips primarily based on this structure have been revealed. These embody AD102, AD103, and AD104. The RTX 4090 relies on the AD102 graphics card. It is the primary Ada Lovelace-based client graphics card that launched out there.

Unboxing expertise
The packaging of the 4090 (Image by way of Sportskeeda)
The RTX 4090 is available in an enormous black field. It options a number of fascinating geometrical shapes and arches. Nvidia has spent a number of time designing the packaging of the GPU.
The 4090 is available in a large flip-open field (Image by way of Sportskeeda)

The field opens up in a traditional flip-up method. Inside, the RTX 4090 is positioned in a showpiece method with meme-inspired velocity marks round it.
Alongside the graphics card, we bought some paperwork and the 12 VHPWR cables within the field.

A better have a look at the Founder’s Edition card
The RTX 40 collection Founder’s Edition playing cards have loads in widespread with the Ampere variants of the identical GPU. However, a number of facets of the design have been improved to raised go well with this new era of video playing cards that include the next energy draw and warmth output.
Design language
The RTX 3070 iChill X4 and the 4090 side-by-side (Image by way of Sportskeeda)

Founder’s Edition playing cards are among the many best-looking choices to select from out there. Like last-gen, these new playing cards include a duotone design and a extremely useful look.
Unlike most AIB playing cards, the FE playing cards use the heatsink fins as a design cue. This makes the cardboard extraordinarily detailed with a number of grooves and ridges working throughout the floor.
The video connections of the RTX 4090 FE (Image by way of Sportskeeda)
It comes with a complete of 4 video output connections. This contains one HDMI 2.1 and three ShowPort 1.4a.

Overall, the 4090 FE packs a beast of cooler and ample video connections. The card appears sporty when put in in a rig.

Heatsink design and fan placement
The heatsink and fan of the 4090 (Image by way of Sportskeeda)
The 40 collection Founder’s Edition comes with two 112mm followers positioned on reverse sides of the video card. This format is much like the RTX 3090 FE video playing cards. Both followers draw air into the cardboard and it’s exhausted via the perimeters and the rear.
The card packs a large heatsink that pushes up its weight to nearly 5 kilos. In our testing, it weighed 2,205 grams (4.86 kilos).

The 4090 weights over 2.2kg (Image by way of Sportskeeda)
99% of the cardboard will be attributed to the large heatsink. Initially, Nvidia was planning to push the GPUs larger than what they’re at the moment rated for. Thus, the large heatsinks had been designed. However, the corporate determined to restrict the playing cards to a a lot decrease energy draw and clock velocity, however the heatsinks remained unaltered.
Currently, they maintain the cardboard unbearably cool. On the default fan curve, the Founder’s Edition could be very quiet. This makes the FE playing cards probably the greatest choices to select from when it comes to thermals and acoustics.

Case compatibility points
The 4090 FE doesn’t match within the XPG Battlecruiser (Image by way of Sportskeeda)
The card is wider now. However, it’s thicker and shorter. This creates compatibility points in a bunch of slim circumstances.
For occasion, I wasn’t capable of match the 4090 with the 12VHPWR cable in my XPG Battlecruiser, which ranks amongst a number of the largest circumstances out there.
The 4090 FE nearly touches the aspect panel of the Lancool III (Image by way of Sportskeeda)

Even in Lian Li Lancool III, which is arguably one of many largest mid-towers on the market, the RTX 4090 FE nearly touches the tempered glass aspect panel.

Test bench
Test bench used for recording the benchmarks of the RTX 4090 (Image by way of Sportskeeda)
We used the identical check setup as in our Ryzen 9 7950X evaluate to check the RTX 4090. The card is about on an open-air bench to assist us derive the best-case outcomes.
ProcessorAMD Ryzen 9 7950XMotherboardMSI B650 Tomahawk WiFiMemory2x 16 GB Kingston Fury Beast DDR5-5200CoolerLian Li Galahad 360 AIOStorage1x Crucial MX500 1TB SATA1x Gigabyte Aorus 1TB NVMe Gen4Graphics cardNvidia Geforce RTX 4090 Founder’s EditionCaseOpen-air check benchPower supply1x Deepcool DQ750M 750W 80+ Gold1x Cooler Master MWE 550W 80+ Bronze

Productivity efficiency
We extensively examined the RTX 4090 in a number of productiveness and artificial benchmarks to get an concept of how the cardboard may theoretically carry out in video video games and skilled software program.
Synthetic benchmarks
We examined the 4090 in Unigine Superposition and a bunch of UL benchmarks.

In Unigine Superposition, the cardboard hits over 21,000 factors within the inventory settings. This goes on to indicate the cardboard’s rasterization prowess.

On the UL benchmarks, the outcomes are fairly spectacular as properly. Time Spy scores got here in fairly near 30,000, and in Port Royal, the GPU hit over 20,000 factors in each run.

Productivity benchmarks
In the Blender benchmark, the RTX 4090 scored a large 12683.239 factors in Monster, Junkshopm and Classroom mixed. This exhibits that the cardboard is a rendering behemoth.
Blender scores of the 4090 (Image by way of Sportskeeda)
In Premiere Pro 4K export instances, the RTX 4090 rendered a posh timeline in a document time of 8:03 seconds whereas rendering utilizing the H.264 codec. H.265 brought on a discount in file measurement. However, the rendering time shot as much as 11:17.

Since that is the primary graphics card evaluate on the web site, we do not need efficiency marks from different playing cards to check towards. Thus, it is perhaps exhausting to visualise how huge of a generational bounce the 4090 is.

Gaming efficiency
The RTX 4090 is at the moment the quickest client video card for gaming. The GPU doesn’t disappoint in any video video games. Also, from this era, 4K gaming at playable framerates is feasible with out temporal upscaling applied sciences like DLSS and FSR.

Rasterization efficiency
In pure rasterization efficiency, the RTX 4090’s 16,384 CUDA cores showcase their potential. At 1440p, through which video games are principally CPU-bound, we constantly get 100 frames or extra throughout each trendy AAA title.
In aggressive titles, the cardboard makes for an important choice to play on a excessive refresh price and high-resolution panel.

At 4K, we get some strong outcomes as properly. Without any type of upscaling expertise, the cardboard pulled off over 60 frames constantly throughout each online game we examined the cardboard in. No previous-gen card, together with the RTX 3090 Ti, may pull off such huge framerates at UHD decision.

Fortnite has gotten insanely demanding with the brand new Chapter 4 replace. This is clear from the actual fact that it’s the solely sport that didn’t hit 60 frames per second at UHD decision.

Ray-tracing efficiency
The RTX 4090 comes with third-generation RT cores. These improved ray tracing cores outperform their last-gen equivalents by a strong margin.
This is clear from the truth that the 4090 hits over 60 frames at 1440p with ray tracing and different settings set to absolutely the most in each online game. The card didn’t depend on any temporal upscaling method like DLSS or FSR for this check.

At 4K, an identical development continues. Every sport constantly hits playable framerates with ray tracing set to absolutely the most with out upscaling. This is a large step up from the last-gen RTX 3090 Ti, which couldn’t play most video video games at 4K with ray tracing at native decision.

Cyberpunk 2077 hit simply 38 frames on common with 1% and 0.1% numbers dipping fairly low. This proves how demanding this title is within the highest settings.

DLSS efficiency
DLSS has progressively improved with the RTX 40 collection playing cards as they pack seventh-generation Tensor cores. These processors pack improved AI computing energy, which will increase the framerate positive aspects with DLSS.

DLSS 2.0 works like a allure, and throughout each sport, we get round 20 to 25% efficiency enhance with temporal upscaling set to the Performance preset.

DLSS 3.0 and body era
With the RTX 40 collection, Nvidia has launched DLSS 3.0. This next-gen model of the upscaling expertise combines DLSS body era and AI upscaling to realize a lot larger framerate positive aspects than its last-gen equal.

Frame era makes use of AI to foretell extra frames in between these generated by the GPU. This successfully multiplies the framerate.
In our testing, the framerate in A Plague Tale: Requiem doubled and that in Portal RTX tripled. Coupled with this, DLSS 3.0 can output a a lot higher-quality picture as in comparison with DLSS 2.0. The image seemed nearly nearly as good because the native decision.

Since DLSS 3.0 is a comparatively new expertise and requires game-by-game implementation, only a few video games help it. However, extra titles will be a part of the checklist within the upcoming years.

Power consumption
The 12 VHPWR connection of the RTX 4090 (Image by way of Sportskeeda)
The RTX 4090 is rated for 450W. Some third-party AIB companions have playing cards that draw 600W. Thus, it simply ranks among the many least power-efficient playing cards on the market.

In our continued stress check with FurMark, which represents a worst-case state of affairs, the cardboard constantly drew round 448W energy. However, this isn’t the case with video video games.

At 1440p, the RTX 4090 barely attracts round 225W to ship peak efficiency in video video games in inventory settings. This makes it as energy environment friendly because the RTX 3070 on the similar decision.

At 4K, the ability draw hits round 290W most. In another extra demanding titles like Cyberpunk 2077, it’s barely larger and it touches the 320W mark.
Thus, the cardboard by no means will get to its marketed 450W mark except it’s harassed with a benchmark like FurMark.

Thermal effectivity
As talked about earlier, the RTX 4090 Founder’s Edition comes with a beefy heatsink that’s overkill for the GPU. The card stays method under the 83℃ secure temperature restrict even when harassed with FurMark for a sustained interval.
Note that the ambient temperature for all of those exams was 25℃.

In our testing, the cardboard hit a most of 71℃ at 1440p within the FurMark stress check. Since FurMark offers us a worst-case state of affairs, we examined the cardboard’s thermal effectivity in video video games as properly. It maintained a a lot decrease temperature whereas gaming at each 1440p and 2160p.

While enjoying Fortnite within the highest settings with ray tracing turned on, the cardboard stayed underneath 50 levels, which is totally spectacular for a high-end 450W-rated GPU just like the 4090.

At 2160p, the cardboard nearly hit 54℃, which is a bit larger than the quantity we bought at 1440p. However, it’s nonetheless a really spectacular temperature, offered how a lot work the cardboard has to do at 4K.

Clock speeds
Unlike every other Ada Lovelace-based video card, the RTX 4090 packs larger working clock speeds, not like last-gen playing cards. It has an marketed base clock of two,235 MHz and can enhance as much as 2,520 MHz. The reminiscence is clocked at 1313 MHz.
GPU clock velocity (max)Memory clock velocity (max)VoltageIdle210 MHz101.3 MHz0.885VGaming (Fortnite at 2160p)276013131.05VFurMark stress test253513130.945V

However, in our testing, the GPU constantly hits a lot larger clocks than the marketed marks. This is a results of the additional thermal headroom the cardboard has resulting from its beefed-up heatsink design.

The prime fan of the RTX 4090 FE (Image by way of Sportskeeda)
As talked about earlier, the RTX 4090 FE packs two giant followers. They don’t function in a union. The backside fan spins sooner than the one on the prime to make sure a strain distinction that causes an additional stream of air in and out of the cardboard.

In our testing, we didn’t discover the followers hitting 50% of their most RPM ranking. The backside followers hit a most of 1,532 RPM and the second topped out at 1,405 RPM.
Thus, if required, the cardboard can push a a lot larger quantity of air to keep up higher temperatures.

Overclocking expertise
The RTX 4090 is a beast of a card. Thus, overclocking it’d sound pointless to many. However, we pushed the silicon to its most to take a look at its true potential.

The Founder’s Edition card will not be designed to be overclocked. This was evident from our check outcomes. The RTX 4090 delivers most efficiency once we apply a GPU core clock offset of 150 MHz and a reminiscence clock offset of 250 MHz.
Under these settings, the cardboard was about one to 2 % sooner than the inventory settings. As we pushed it additional, the scores started to dip under these numbers. Thus, it touched the purpose of diminishing returns.

Overall, avid gamers ought to go for a third-party OC version from an AIB accomplice in the event that they intend to overclock their card. Although a strong card, the FE is kind of disappointing on this side.

The RTX 4090 FE as seen from the aspect (Image by way of Sportskeeda)
The RTX 4090 FE is on the market at an MSRP of $1,599. However, it’s out of inventory with each retailer for the time being. Most 4090 fashions are priced at over $2,000 at the moment. This additional degrades the worth proposition of the cardboard.
While it’s true that the RTX 4090 is unequalled and no GPU can get near the flagship providing from the inexperienced camp, most avid gamers will discover the $2,000 price ticket on the GPU a bit extreme.

However, wanting on the different choices from Nvidia and AMD, the RTX 4090 looks as if deal for creators and 3D professionals. Gamers are higher off with one thing cheaper.


The RTX 4090 is a unbelievable video card. It is a large generational uplift over the RTX 3090 and the 3090 Ti. So far, no AMD or Nvidia card may even get near the variety of pixels the 4090 can push per second.
Thus, it’s an undisputed king within the client graphics card market. However, its worth would possibly scare away avid gamers. For many, spending over $1,000 behind a GPU can appear extreme and the 4090 falls on this class of ultra-expensive video playing cards.

However, these keen to get their fingers on the most recent and biggest out there won’t be dissatisfied with what the 4090 has to supply.

Nvidia Geforce RTX 4090 Founder’s Edition
The RTX 4090 is a formidable video card (Image by way of Sportskeeda)Product: Nvidia Geforce RTX 4090 Founder’s Edition and Portal with RTX (offered by Nvidia)Release date: October 12, 2022Size: 350mm x 120mm x 60mmWeight: 2,205gDisplay ports: 1x HDMI 2.1, 3x ShowPort 1.4aPower draw: 450W

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